Frangipani (scientific name: Plumeria rubra'Acutifolia') is a deciduous shrub or small tree of the Apocynaceae family, plumeria. The branches are thick and fleshy; the leaves are thick and papery; the midrib is concave on the leaf surface, and the lateral veins are flat on both sides. The cymes are terminal; the total peduncle is three-different, fleshy; the pedicel is light red; the calyx lobes are small and oval; the outer side of the corolla is white, the outer side of the corolla tube and the left side of the outer side of the lobes are slightly reddish, the inner surface of the corolla is yellow; the corolla lobes are broad and obovate , The top is round, the base covers to the left; the stamens are at the base of the corolla tube, the filaments are extremely short, and the anthers are oblong. Follicles twins, broadly divergent, cylindrical, tapering to the end; seeds obliquely oblong, flat, with membranous wings at the top. Flowering period is from May to October, and fruit cultivation is rarely fruitful, generally from July to December.
Frangipani likes high temperature, humid and sunny environment, but it can also grow in semi-shady environment. It is resistant to drought, avoids waterlogging, and has good adversity resistance. The cold resistance is poor, the most suitable temperature for growth is 20-26℃, and it is easy to suffer cold damage during the long time below 8℃ during the winter. It is native to Mexico; it has been widely planted in tropical and subtropical Asia. It is cultivated in Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan, Fujian and other provinces and regions in China, and it is wild in the mountains of southern Yunnan.
Frangipani has extremely high ornamental value. The whole tree looks well-proportioned, natural and beautiful; the trunk is vigorous and upright, with great momentum; the crown is like a cover, and the tree is full of green; after blooming, the tree is full of flowers, the flowers and leaves are matched, the flowers are overflowing with color, and the fragrance is elegant. The flower contains aromatic oil, which can be used to smoke fragrant tea, extract the essence, and make high-grade cosmetics, soap and food additives. The wood is white, light and soft, and is used to make musical instruments, tableware or furniture. The flowers of frangipani are dried and soaked in water to prevent heatstroke. The leaves are mashed and applied externally to treat bruises or ulcers. The milk contained in the bark and branches and leaves is poisonous, and external application can cure scabies and redness and swelling.
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